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Carburetor Tuning Guide - Twisting...
Pump Cams Idle Adjustment
Carburetor Tuning Guide - Twisting Knobs On Holleys
Basic External Adjustments For Holley Carburetors
By Wayne Scraba, Photography by Wayne Scraba
September 02, 2010
They're easy to see in this photo of a Holley race carburetor (which has no choke). To swap the shooter, loosen and remove the screw that holds the shooter in place.
They're easy to see in this photo of a Holley race carburetor (which has no choke). To swa
Next, install the new shooter(s). Ensure the throttle plates are closed. Before you drop them into place, be sure that the needle check-valve is in the shooter discharge passage. The check valve installs pointy-side down. The shooter can now be installed; be sure to install the hardware in order. From left to right: shooter screw, check valve, shooter screw gasket, shooter (or discharge nozzle), discharge nozzle gasket.
Next, install the new shooter(s). Ensure the throttle plates are closed. Before you drop t
A small piece of hardware that's often overlooked is the pump shooter screw. Any time the shooter size goes beyond 0.040-inch, it's wise to add a hollow shooter screw kit. By using a hollow screw, you've insured that the limiting restriction in the accelerator pump system is, in fact, the shooter, not the screw. Holley sells hollow screw kits; the part number for the screw is 121-7.
A small piece of hardware that's often overlooked is the pump shooter screw. Any time the
A companion to the shooters is a series of replaceable accelerator-pump cams. Holley pump cams have varied lift and duration profiles, just like an engine camshaft. The specific cams are color-coded, and each cam has two possible mounting positions. These positions change the duration of the pump shot. Holley recommends the pump discharge nozzle (shooter) be tuned first, then spend the time to fine-tune the cams. There is no "correct" cam for a given engine. Like the shooters, the pump cams require experimentation to determine which cam is best suited for your particular combination. Holley sells a pump cam assortment under part number 20-12.
A companion to the shooters is a series of replaceable accelerator-pump cams. Holley pump
Pump cams are located on the throttle shaft. Remove the screws that hold the pump cam (or cams in the case of a double-pumper) in place. Note the location of the cam (position 1 or position 2), what the color is, and the type (standard 30cc or 50cc REO type). Installation is just the opposite. Keep in mind that pump cams designed for use with 50cc pumps are different from those designed for 30cc pumps. They can't be interchanged. Also, the big 50cc REO pumps never came standard on any production line Corvette carburetors.
Pump cams are located on the throttle shaft. Remove the screws that hold the pump cam (or
The accelerator pump override spring can also be adjusted, though if the carburetor hasn't been messed with, these springs are regularly within the specification range.
The accelerator pump override spring can also be adjusted, though if the carburetor hasn't
Holley specs call for a clearance of 0.015-inch. Open the choke and unscrew the idle speed adjuster so that the primary butterflies are fully closed (the fast idle cam cannot hold the throttle open). Turn the carburetor upside down and fully open the throttle. Place a 0.015-inch feeler gauge between the pump cam arm adjusting screw and the pump lever. If there isn't sufficient clearance, tighten the override screw (nut) until the pump lever moves in conjunction with movement on the cam follower arm. If there is too much clearance, loosen the adjusting nut. Remove the feeler gauge, close the throttle, and check the pump cam arm for any play. If any free play exists, the pump cam arm could be bent. The idea is to have 0.015-inch clearance at full throttle and no free play in the pump cam arm when the throttle is closed.
Holley specs call for a clearance of 0.015-inch. Open the choke and unscrew the idle speed
Next is setting up the idle. If your Corvette has a big duration camshaft (and a very lumpy idle), you'll find the idle mixture screws tend to be unresponsive. There's an easy fix: Adjust the secondary throttle stop screw. Holley four barrels have a small setscrew located beside the passenger-side throttle-bore shaft bore (on the base plate of the carburetor). By turning the screw clockwise approximately 11/2 turns, the throttle blade on the secondary will open slightly. This results in a rather large amount of airflow through the carburetor, without increasing the "window" seen by the idle transfer slot. At this time, the primary throttle blades can be closed, which tends to enhance the sensitivity of the idle mixture control.
Next is setting up the idle. If your Corvette has a big duration camshaft (and a very lump
Most carburetors will have the butterflies adjusted with a small length (approximately 0.020-inch, appearing as a square) of the idle transfer slot visible below the bottom edge of the butterflies. If the secondary transfer slots (as shown) are uncovered excessively, the engine can develop an undesirable hesitation when the butterflies are suddenly opened.
Most carburetors will have the butterflies adjusted with a small length (approximately 0.0
When you have adjustment sensitivity on the idle mixture screws, you can then balance the idle mixture. To accomplish this, install a vacuum gauge on the engine. Pick one idle mixture screw and call it "number 1." Set this screw until you reach the highest manifold reading on the gauge.
When you have adjustment sensitivity on the idle mixture screws, you can then balance the
Then proceed to the second mixture screw and set it to the highest reading. Go back and repeat the process, fine tuning the idle mixture, and repeat the process for a third and final time. If your aftermarket Holley is equipped with four-corner idle circuits, set the front first, then set the rear. Recheck the front idle after the rear setting has been confirmed. Reduce the idle speed and repeat the process, perhaps several times, until the engine idles at the desired engine speed. If the carburetor has never been used previously, turn the idle mixture screws all the way in, and then back them out in unison. For the initial adjustment, all screws should be within 1/4 turn of each other, although you may have to turn the primary screws out an additional 1/8 to 1/4 turn.
Then proceed to the second mixture screw and set it to the highest reading. Go back and re
Once the correct idle mixture has been established, reset the idle speed. In most cases you'll find that balancing the idle mixture will increase the idle speed considerably. Reduce the speed to an rpm range that allows the engine to idle properly. If the Corvette is equipped with an automatic, it should be capable of idling slowly in gear. Keep in mind that "slow" could mean an idle speed of 1,000 rpm if a large duration camshaft with a lot of overlap is used.
Once the correct idle mixture has been established, reset the idle speed. In most cases yo
Holley Performance Products
1801 Russellville Rd.
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By Wayne Scraba
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